Current Situation

Population Distribution and Demography


Kurdish represent the majority of Erbil’s residents along with other components of the Kurdish community; Turkmen, Chaldeans, Assyrians, Armenians and Arabs. Most of Erbil residents are Muslims besides other religions such as Christians, Yezidis, and Kakanis.


Total population in Erbil amounts to 1,957,486 persons, where females constitute 49% and males constitute 51% thereof. Total population growth rate is 2.8 and the average household size is 5.4 persons23. Dependency ratio is 74.25%.


Population density in Erbil as a whole is 130 persons/km2 and it varies from one area to another, where the highest rate is in Erbil (801 persons/km2) and the lowest is in the district of Mirga Sur (26 persons/km2).