Given the role strategic planning plays in achieving the economic development and welfare of citizens, the Ministry of Planning in Kurdistan, in cooperation with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), has developed strategic development plans for the three Provinces of Kurdistan: Erbil, Suleimaniyah and Duhok. The UNDP, through the Local Area Development Program, specialized technical support, and global expertise, provided the necessary support for the staff and local committees in each Province, to implement the process of strategic planning through a collaborative and integrated approach, in order to achieve a better future that takes into consideration the available resources, opportunities and challenges.
This strategic plan for Erbil Province comes after a three-year time gap after the last strategic plan of the Province, which ended in 2012. The plan was developed through a high-level collaboration that included more than 500 representatives of the various segments of the society, from Districts and Sub- representatives with representatives of all sectors, to stakeholders from governmental bodies and representatives of the private sector and local entities, in addition to local experts and the youth.
The plan identified six Strategic Goals that would contribute to realizing Erbil’s future vision: 1) Improving institutional performance, 2) Improving the level of infrastructure and services, 3) Developing human resources through educated, training and qualification, 4) Enhancing contributions of the economic sectors, 5) Improving the level of public and environmental services, 6) Adopting a sophisticated system for crisis management and raise readiness. These goals serve as the guide and mentor to decision-makers and those concerned with developmental priorities in the Governorate over the next three years (2016-2018); they shall likely remain as strategic priorities’ list for a phase beyond three years, which are the term of the plan.
The plan adopted the Results-Oriented Budgeting methodology. Accordingly, interventions and projects in the strategic plan’s implementation agenda were organized under six main programs that enable the Province from estimating the annual expenditure on each program, which would facilitate managing annual financial allocations and evaluating their impact. The Strategic Plan of Irbil was developed through a technical support from Medal Co., which provided a specialized team of experts in strategic planning and results-oriented strategic management in the public sector.
The six implementation programs reflect the mechanisms through which the strategic priorities would be achieved, they are: 1) Legislative and legal amendments, 2) Restructuring, 3) Human resources development, 4) Providing research and development, 5) Media and awareness, and 6) Technical/sectorial projects.
This strategy was developed in collaboration with the Ministry of Planning – Iraqi Kurdistan, Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA), cost sharing by the European Union (EU), and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).